Guindy National Park is a protected area within the city limits. Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi are the major Malayalam dailies while major Telugu dailies include Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi and Sakshi. it has given awesome placements in last years. [246] The Tidel Park in Chennai was billed as Asia's largest IT park when it was built. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? Watch Queue Queue Other examples include the Bombay Mutual building (presently housing LIC) and the South Indian Chamber of Commerce building. AVIT, one of the best engineering college in Chennai is the ideal education destination for all the aspiring engineers. [413] Automobile racing in India has been closely connected with Chennai since its beginnings shortly after independence. The Sun Network one of India's largest broadcasting companies is based in the city. They are NH 4 to Mumbai (via Bangalore and Pune), NH 5 to Kolkata (linked via NH 6) (via Visakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar), NH 45 to Theni (via Villupuram, Tiruchirapalli and Dindigul) and NH 205 to Madanapalle (via Tirupati). This architecture includes various styles, such as those of the Pallavas, the Cholas, and the Vijayanagara empires. The Anti-Hindi agitations in mid-1960s made the DMK more popular and more powerful political force in the state. The city has more than 12,500 beds in its hospitals,[316] including about 5,000 in multi-specialty hospitals in the private sector and over 6,000 beds in the public sector. According to the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO), as of 2013[update], the city consumes about 20 percent of the electricity in the state of Tamil Nadu. [344], Chennai houses several theme parks, namely MGM Dizzee World and Queen's Land. [322][323] In 2011, Chennai was ranked the 41st most visited city, with 3,174,500 tourists, a 14-percent increase from 2010. Chennai Port is the largest in the Bay of Bengal, with an annual cargo tonnage of 6.146 crore (2010–2011), and the second-largest container-hub in India, with an annual container volume of 15.23 lakh TEUs (2010–2011). Sir Arthur Lawley, Eloquent Knight Errant, Chapter 6. [400] Public schools run by the Chennai Corporation are all affiliated with the Tamil Nadu State Board, while private schools may be affiliated with either of the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education or the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). [205][206][207][208][209], Chennai, along with Bengaluru, Mumbai and Delhi, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. Chennai was the venue of the 1995 South Asian Games. [82] Chennai is 2,184 kilometres (1,357 mi) south of Delhi, 1,337 kilometres (831 mi) southeast of Mumbai, and 345 kilometres (214 mi) east of Bangalore by road. The estuary of this river is heavily polluted with effluents released by the industries in the region. Chennai was the most-visited Indian city by foreign tourists in 2009 and issued the third-highest number of visas on arrival in 2014. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is associated for hosting Football and athletic competitions, it also houses a multi–purpose indoor complex for competition in volleyball, basketball and table tennis. [254], Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing, health care and financial services industries. [330] Chennai's expansive theatre network stages many Tamil plays of many genres: political satire, slapstick comedy, history, mythology and drama. The city is the landing point of major submarine telecommunication cable networks such as SMW4 (connecting India with Western Europe, Middle East and Southeast Asia), i2i (connecting India with Singapore), TIC (connecting India with Singapore), BBG (connecting India with the Sultanate of Oman, Malaysia, the UAE, and Sri Lanka), and BRICS (connecting India with Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa). [36] A Vijayanagar-era inscription dated to the year 1367 that mentions the port of Mādarasanpattanam, along with other small ports on the east coast, was discovered in 2015 and it was theorised that the aforementioned port is the fishing port of Royapuram. It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. [120] Floods are common during this period. [417][418] Being home to the Indian Premier League (IPL) cricket team Chennai Super Kings, the city hosted the finals of the IPL's 2011 and 2012 series.[419][420]. The city lies on the thermal equator[107] and is also on the coast, which prevents extreme variation in seasonal temperature. [288], Chennai is the headquarters of the Indian Bank, the Indian Overseas Bank and the erstwhile Bharat Overseas Bank, which merged with the Indian Overseas Bank in 2007. Lakosainak száma 78 fő (2017. január 1.). AVIT, One of the Top Engineering Colleges in Chennai is the Ideal Education Destination for all the Aspiring Engineers. According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. Według danych na rok 1990 gminę zamieszkiwały 92 osoby, a gęstość zaludnienia wynosiła 12 osób/km² (wśród 3020 gmin regionu Midi-Pireneje Saint-Avit-Frandat plasuje się na 971. miejscu pod względem liczby ludności, natomiast pod względem powierzchni na miejscu 1273. [353] Chennai is an important gold market in India contributing to 45 percent of the 800-tonne annual national gold uptake. [327], Chennai is the base for Tamil cinema, sometimes nicknamed as Kollywood, alluding to the neighbourhood of Kodambakkam where a number of film studios are located. [143], In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison. [328] Chennai hosts major film studios, including AVM Productions, the oldest surviving studio in India. [46], The region around Chennai has served as an important administrative, military, and economic centre for many centuries. [165] Garbage is dumped in two dump-yards in the city—One in Kodungaiyur and another in Pallikaranai, with a major portion of the latter covering the Pallikaranai marshland. While three sectors are operated on-grade, the fourth sector is primarily an elevated corridor, linking Chennai Beach to Velachery and is connected with the rest of the rail network. Annadurai left the party to form the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). [367], As of 2019, the city corporation maintains about 471 bus route roads and 33,0000 interior roads. święty Awit; Saint-Avit (Puy-de-Dôme) – francuska gmina w regionie Owernia Saint-Avit (Landy) – francuska gmina w regionie Akwitania Saint-Avit (Lot i Garonna) – francuska gmina w regionie Akwitania Saint-Avit (Loir-et-Cher) – francuska gmina w Regionie Centralnym Saint-Avit (Tarn) – francuska gmina w regionie Midi-Pireneje Saint-Avit … [279] Medical tourism is an important part of Chennai's economy with 45 percent of total medical tourists to India making to Chennai. The "Fort Museum" inside the premises of Fort St. George is an important museum having a noteworthy collection of objects of the British era in its collection. It also is home to 24 Indian companies having a net worth of more than US$1 billion. [200], Tamils form the majority of Chennai's population. [264] The Ambattur–Padi industrial zone houses many textile manufacturers, and a special economic zone (SEZ) for apparel and footwear manufacturing has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city. [202] In 2001, out of the 2,937,000 migrants (33.8% of its population) in the city, 61.5% were from other parts of the state, 33.8% were from rest of India and 3.7% were from outside the country. The National Institute of Siddha is one of the seven apex national-level educational institutions that promote excellence in Indian system of medicine and Ayurveda. He is the author of three published novels, The House of Blue Mangoes (2002), The Solitude of Emperors (2007), and Ithaca (2011). The Santhome Church, which was originally built by the Portuguese in 1523 and is believed to house the remains of the apostle St. Thomas, was rebuilt in 1893 in neo-Gothic style. [39] British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, which was the name of a Telugu community, Mudiraj, who were the native inhabitants of the city. The best examples of this style include the Madras High Court (built in 1892), Southern Railway headquarters, Ripon Building, Government Museum, Senate House of the University of Madras, Amir Mahal, Bharat Insurance Building, Victoria Public Hall and the College of Engineering. [374] It is the main intercity bus station of Chennai,[375] administered by seven government-owned transport corporations, which operate intercity and interstate bus services. [398] The city ranks second among Indian metropolitan city centres with a 90.33 percent literacy rate. It was ranked among the top globally in issuing 'L' and 'H' category visas for workers and professionals and was ranked eighth globally in terms of all category of visas being issued. The History of the Indian National Congress. [47] From the 1st–12th century the region of present Tamil Nadu and parts of South India was ruled by the Cholas. Chennai is home to Chennai Slam,[424] two-time national champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League. [348] Other important recreation centres include Madras Boat Club, which is over 140 years old, and Gymkhana Club, which is famous for its 18-hole golf courses. [142] In 2011, North Chennai zone had 30 police stations and 3 police out posts, Central Chennai zone had 28 police stations and 3 police out posts, and South Chennai zone had 30 police stations. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June, known regionally as Agni Nakshatram ("fire star") or as Kathiri Veyyil,[108] with maximum temperatures around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). [350][351][352] Major ones include Express Avenue (EA), Citi Centre, Abirami mega mall, Spencer Plaza, Ampa Skywalk, Phoenix Market City and Forum Vijaya Mall. [166] In market areas, the conservancy work is done during the night. The fair is typically held for about 10 days between the last week of December and the third week of January. [227] The city also has one of the oldest museums and art galleries in the country – Government Museum, Chennai and The National Art Gallery (Chennai),[228] established in the early 18th century. [240] In 2012, a group of five Bharatha Natyam dancers from Chennai performed at the India Campaign during the 2012 Summer Olympics. It is a best college,good campus. The Benefits of Empire. The region has the oldest rocks in the country dating back to nearly a billion years.[94]. Chennai outer ring road is 62.3 km long connecting NH 45 (GST Road) at Perungalathur, NH 4 (GWT Road) at Nazarathpet, NH 205 (CTH Road) at Nemilicherry (Thiruninravur), NH 5 (GNT Road) at Nallur and TPP road at Minjur under the process by Chennai Metropolitan Area. [269] Chennai is home to the national level commercial banks Indian Bank[270] and Indian Overseas Bank[271][272] and many state level co–operative banks, finance and insurance companies. Wildlife conservation and research activities take place at Cricket is the most popular sport in Chennai. The Institute offers a Plethora of Engineering Courses, B. Arch Management Course as well Get a Head Start to the Best in the Industry Experiential Learning The city is connected to major hubs across Asia, Europe, Middle East and Africa through more than 30 national and international carriers. It is derived from the Latin family name Avitus (lit. Located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, it is one of the largest cultural, economic and educational centres of south India. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? [360] The new airport is said to be likely to handle cargo spillover traffic from the existing one.[361]. [239] An important cultural centre for Bharata Natyam is Kalakshetra, on the beach in the south of the city. [280] The Tamil film industry[281] and the Tamil television industry are also significant parts of Chennai's economy. Aarupadai Veedu Institute of Technology - Salient Features * Campus located on the IT corridor where reputed companies TCS, CTS, Infosys, Satyam, Polaris etc., are situated * Multi-cultural environment * 8mbps premium internet bandwidth with 1:1 connectivity * Wi - Fi enabled campus * Excellent Library facilities * Large collection of CDs, Videos and audio cassette tapes * Excellent industry-institute interaction * Periodical Industrial visits * NSS / NCC services towards social upliftment of soceity * Cultural festivals to nurture and exhibit talents in Cultural fields * Delicious North/South Indian Food (veg & non-veg) * Well furnished separate hostels for boys and girls * Cafeteria, Co-operative stores and Banking facility * Students Health Services and Insurance * Sports and Games * Modern Gym and Yoga * English Language laboratory * State-of-the art infrastructure * Faculty Counselors for academic guidance * Career Development & Placement Cell to train students in soft skills and organise campus interviews and job fairs * Frequent guest lectures and seminars * Air-conditioned Lecture Halls and Labratories in MCA/MBA program * Alumni Association * Coaching- Japanese language, GMAT, TOEFL etc.. [177] Since then, many of the colonial-era buildings in the city were designed in this style of architecture, which is most apparent around the Fort St. George built in 1640. [415][416] A cricket fast bowling academy called the MRF Pace Foundation, whose coaches include T. A. Sekhar and Glenn Mcgrath, is based in Chennai. [255] As of 2012[update], with ₹ 1 lakh crore investment in the pipeline over 5 years, the city is poised for major industrial investment. [121] As of 2017, the total volume of water harvested was 339 mcft and groundwater recharge was 170 mcft.[122]. The city also has a permanent exhibition complex in Nandambakkam called the Chennai Trade Centre. For other uses see, The Chennai metropolitan area also includes portions of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [224], As of 2012[update], an estimated population of 11,116 (0.16 percent) were homeless. [113] Chennai has a water table at 2 metres for 60 percent of the year.[114]. For example, in 2007 a major cyclone named "Cyclone Sidr" skipped Chennai and headed towards Bangladesh. Water is drawn from Red Hills Lake and Chembarambakkam Lake, the primary water reservoirs of the city,[152] and treated at water treatment plants located at Kilpauk, Puzhal, Chembarambakkam[153] and supplied to the city through 27 water distribution stations. [6], As of 2019, 712,000 families live below poverty line, which is about 40 percent of the 1.788 million families in the city. [13] Chennai attracts 45 percent of health tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. [109] The average annual rainfall is about 140 cm (55 in). Chennai city is governed by the Greater Chennai Corporation (formerly "Corporation of Madras"), which was established in 1688. The lowest recorded temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on 11 December 1895 and 29 January 1905. [12] The city also serves as the location of the Madras Stock Exchange, India's fourth stock exchange, one of four permanently recognised by SEBI, and India's third-largest by trading volume, ranked behind the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India. [176] It has given AVERAGE 91% placement. Get a head-start to the best-in-the-industry experiential learning. [101] The quantity of wetlands in the city has decreased from 650 to only 27 currently. As of 2012[update], the city has about 34,260 identified companies in its 15 zones, of which 5,196 companies have a paid-up the capital of over ₹ 50 lakh. [53][54][55] On 22 August, he secured the land grant from local Nayak (Damarla Venkatadri Nayaka and his younger brother Aiyappa Nayaka of Poonamallee). The city has two 18–hole golf courses, the Cosmopolitan Club and the Gymkhana Club, both established in the late nineteenth century. Chennai has a 19+ km coastline. [171], With the history of many neighbourhoods of the city such as Mylapore, Triplicane, and Tiruvanmiyur antedating that of the city, the architecture of Chennai ranges in a wide chronology. The associated Agraharam architecture, which consists of traditional row houses surrounding a temple, can still be seen in these areas. Chennai is connected to other parts of the state and the Union Territory of Puducherry by state highways. [426] Formula One driver Karun Chandhok was born in Chennai. [72], After India gained its independence in 1947, the city became the capital of Madras State, which was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1969. [393][394] Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television. Elevation: 101–251 m (331–823 ft) (avg. [263] The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and other rolling stock for Indian Railways. [246][247] A major part of India's automobile industry is located in and around the city thus earning it the nickname "Detroit of India". Even in the past, there has been many occasions where cyclones had a great influence on the monsoon. The southern stretch of Chennai's coast from Tiruvanmiyur to Neelangarai are favoured by the endangered olive ridley sea turtles to lay eggs every winter. The list includes highly rated luxury hotels, skyscraper rated buildings, and historic hotels. The city's contiguous satellite towns include Mahabalipuram in the south, Chengalpattu and Maraimalai Nagar in the southwest, and Sriperumpudur, Arakkonam, Kanchipuram and Tiruvallur to the west. Prior to the advent of modern commercial banks, the banking services in the city were offered to the public by Nattukottai Chettiars or Nagarathars, chiefly in and around the neighbourhood of George Town, who offered loans as well as accepted money deposits from the public, in addition to offering loans to the agricultural labourers. History. [311] Major hospitals in Chennai include Apollo Hospitals, Apollo Speciality Hospital, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chettinad Health City, MIOT Hospitals, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Fortis Malar Hospital, Lifeline Hospitals, Vasan Healthcare, Dr Mehta Hospitals, Global Hospitals & Health City, Sankara Nethralaya and Vijaya Medical & Educational Trust. The Greater Chennai Police is a division of the Tamil Nadu Police, and the administrative control lies with the Tamil Nadu Home Ministry. While the cable TV service is entirely controlled by the state government,[392] direct–to–home (DTH) is available via DD Direct Plus, Dish TV, Tata Sky, Videocon DTH, Sun direct DTH, Reliance Big TV and Digital TV. The major Tamil dailies include the Dina Thanthi, Dinakaran, Dina Mani, Dina Malar, The Hindu Tamil,[387] Tamil Murasu, Makkal Kural and Malai Malar. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. [284] The city is the third largest market in India for luxury cars. Indicem communium praefecturae Aegirtii; project to take city's green cover to 20%", "Chennai Corporation to celebrate 320 years", "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions", "Indecisiveness keeps urban projects on hold", "Government of Tamil Nadu: Home Department: Department of Justice", "City police await notification on extending Commissionerate's jurisdiction", "Despite rising population, number of police", "Triplicane police station gets bigger with more area, men", "150-yr-old Central prison closed for good", "Language issue again: the need for a clear-headed policy", Theosophy and the Origins of the Indian National Congress, "India's biggest desalination plant opens in Chennai", "IVRCL to set up desalination plant near Chennai", "Preliminary work on desalination plant to be completed by December-end", "No response from firms to build toilets", "From Feb 24, use public toilets for free, says mayor", "Residents to soon have free use of community halls", "New firm to begin conservancy work next week", "New garbage collection, street cleaning mechanism", "Cluster-based solid waste mgmt may ease pressure on dump yards", "Emergency and Utility Services Contact Details at Chennai", "Iconic General Post Office to finally get a makeover", "Agraharam – time virtually stands still here", "No fire safety norms at Chennai heritage buildings", "A Tradition Created: Indo-Saracenic Architecture under the Raj", "Doppler radar may put cap on building heights", "Living in a city within a city: How is SPR City redefining the residential market? Saint-Avit-Sénieur is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. ", "Chennaite to represent India at Abilympics", "Number of people below the poverty line to increase in city", "Tamil Film Music: Sound and Significance", "Kannadigas outnumber Malayalis 2:1 in Tamil Nadu", "Welcome to Census of India: Census India Library", "K and the city: Why are more and more Chennaiites learning Korean? Many film personalities have gone on to become politicians including C. N. Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi, M. G. Ramachandran and Jayalalithaa. [183], By the early 20th century, the art deco too made its entry upon the city's urban landscape. [318] The city has three dumpyards, one each at Perungudi, Kodungaiyur, and Pallikaranai. As of 2011[update], eight transfer stations exist within the city for treating the waste. [342] The largest park is the 358-acre Tholkappia Poonga, developed to restore the fragile ecosystem of the Adyar estuary. Under the gamut of the CMDA are 5 parliamentary and 28 assembly constituencies. Chennai hosts the headquarters of the Southern Railway. Several lakes of varying size are located on the western fringes of the city. [388] The one and only Hindi Newspaper published from Chennai is the Rajasthan Patrika. The city has a rugby union team called the Chennai Cheetahs. [24] Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet. According to Forbes magazine, Chennai is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world and is ranked among the "Forbes-Top 10 Fastest Growing Cities in the World". The city's retail industry is majorly concentrated in T. Nagar which accounts for major share jewellery and clothes sold in Chennai. [49] Ancient coins dating to around 500 BC have also been unearthed from the city and its surrounding areas. [40][41], There are also suggestions that it may have originated from the Portuguese phrase Mãe de Deus or Madre de Dios, which means "mother of God", due to Portuguese influence on the port city, specifically referring to a Church of St. Stone age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. After independence, the city hosted the Congress in 1955 in its suburb of Avadi.[148]. Built in 1867, Madras Boat Club is the second-oldest surviving Indian rowing club. [65] With the advent of railways in India in the 19th century, the thriving urban centre was connected to other important cities such as Bombay and Calcutta, promoting increased communication and trade with the hinterland. [138][139][140], As of 2011[update] (prior to the expansion of Chennai Corporation area), Chennai city has a sanctioned strength of 14,000 police personnel. Private schools, some of which 429 tonnes are plastic waste luxury room inventory across four and five-star as. 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