Certainly there were a number of techniques used in the Aztec empire. Materials Needed: Importance of Primary Sources Video, Primary Sources Handout, Activity Handout, Group … His major work Historia de las Indias de Nueva Espana comprises the Book of the Gods and … They will then be given the chance to identify primary and secondary sources and, finally, to practice conducting research to find a primary and secondary source. The Aztec Indians were a simple people. Aztec Calender Ceremonies BIBLIOGRAPHY I. Primary and secondary sources; Aztec Farming of Corn, beans and Squash, the "MesoAmerican Trinity" Primary source: Painting by Diego Rivera, Mexico National Palace Mural (1935) The men at the left are planting corn. This source is of utmost importance for investigating the Aztec medicine. It is a translated version of the Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis, Latin for "Little Book of the Medicinal Herbs of the Indians". What You Need: Cortés in Tenochtitlán worksheet (print and copy) The “Working with Primary Sources” exercise enables students to create a cultural biography of the author or authors of the source by noting brief answers. Tlacaelel occupied the newly created title of " Cihuacoatl ", equivalent to something between "Prime Minister" and "Viceroy". Ideas for PRIMARY SCIENCE We recommend the resource sheet that these ideas have been taken from, produced by the Royal Society of Chemistry, written by primary teacher Raj Dharma and edited by Millgate House Education. Oral-Visual Primary Sources (Archaeological. What we call the Aztecs only existed between 1325 and 1525. The women to the left are grinding corn in to … Aztec chewing gum, or chicle, was made using sap from the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota). Zantwijk, Rudolf A.M. van. Because it was easier to grow crops than to rely on animals, the Aztec diet was plant-based and focused on a few major foods. sources. Houghton Mifflin Social Studies Across the Centuries. Understanding Primary Sources: Cortés Visits Tenochtitlán Objective: Students analyze a description of the Aztec capital written by Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés and use it to create their own 3-D model of the imperial city. That is the historic period of Aztec sacrifices. The Aztec Arrangement: The Social History of Pre-Spanish Mexico. n.d. An Aztec Herbal: The Classic Codex of 1552. Images of four different Aztec primary sources are attached in jpg format below. Moctezuma eventually succeeded Itzcoatl as the Mexica huetlatoani in 1440. The hair is blond, due to the golden appearance of the sun. Dover Publications. Definition. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Boston: Beacon Press, 1962), pp. Aimed at 5-7-year-olds, it covers a good range of topics, only a few of which we’ve uploaded here. Primary Source: photograph of Xochimilco from website "My Actual Images of Mexico" (photograph is present day but the canals and land in photograph were originally created by the Aztecs) Created: mid 1300's-1519 This shows the area that still uses the chinampas and canals that were created by the Aztecs. Aztec Farming, The Aztec Calendar Primary Source: Calendar made by Aztecs in the middle of their time as the leaders in Mesoamerica, (1790 rediscovered) In the middle of the calendar was their sun god. Aztec laws were based on royal decrees and on customs that had been passed down from generation to generation. The Aztec codices are manuscripts that were written and painted by tlacuilos (codex creators). Although a Dominican friar who wrote in Spanish, Durán probably spoke Nahuatl as well and is generally considered a primary source of early Mexican history. I. Primary Sources . Primary Sources for Aztec Philosophy These come in two forms: those collected in the decades after the conquest, and those that either survived the Spanish bonfires or were indigenous productions continuous with pre-conquest tradition. Primary Sources: Cortes Describes the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan, 1520 TOP: In his letter, Hernan Cortes described a marketplace like the one depicted in this diorama of the Tlatelolco Marketplace at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois. I have selected sources about the Aztecs that are both interesting and easy to understand. The National History Center’s New Teaching Decolonization Resource Collection - added Mar 19 Foundations of American History Syllabus - added Apr 14 Paper Assignment: Localizing Global Encounters, Case Study: New Netherland/New York (Suffolk County Community College) - added Apr 14 Mayflower Compact. Ancient America. The Aztecs obtained their meat from both domesticated and wild animals. Nazca lines primary resource. By around 1400 CE several small empires had formed in the Valley of Mexico and dominant amongst these were Texcoco, capital of the Acholhua region, and Azcapotzalco, capital of the Tepenec.These two empires came face to face in 1428 CE with the Tepanec War.The Azcapotzalco forces were defeated by an alliance of Texcoco, Tenochtitlan (the capital of the Mexica) … The resource includes information on: Aztec gods, rulers, priests, temples, the Aztec empire and Aztec calendars. 818 Hatcher Graduate Library South 913 S. University Avenue Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 (734) 764-0400 [email protected] The Aztec language, Nahuatl, was the dominant language in central Mexico by the mid-1350s. For example, an article in a reference book might reference a speech or letter written by the person you are researching. Definition. The capital city Tenochtitlan was founded in 1325 on an island in Lake Texcoco which is in the Basin of Mexico. Books about Ancient America. Gates, William. "The primary sources feature artifacts such as the Inca quipu, or knotted counting cords, the Maya sacred calendar, and the Aztec Sun Stone. 64­66, 129­131. Domesticated sources … Be sure to look at all four images before choosing two for observation and analysis. The Aztec Empire. The real growth of the Aztec society began in the Late Postclassic period or what is also known as the Late Aztec … Squanto in the Primary Sources. Aztec Primary Sources. Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web. Aztec farming has become most famous because of the brilliant chinampas system that Aztec farmers used. That being said, primary sources can be difficult for students especially if it is their first time. The author's account of the conquest of the American continent is based on oral and written sources of the Aztec, Maya, Inca, Cherokee, and Iroquois. Wikipedia – I don’t really recommend Wikipedia as a primary source for information on anything, but one thing it does have is a lush collection of useful photographs and good primary sources can be found in the References section of each entry. Aztec Legal System and Sources of Law The Aztec legal system was highly complex and was designed to maintain social order and respect for government institutions. By methodically working through the questions, they are able to understand the limitations of the observer’s experience of the event. More on Teaching the History of the Early Americas. Introduction. To the Aztecs everything revolved around the sun. Meat was something of a luxury, and general graced the tables of the nobility. I’ve found some of my best research books in that section. They relied on what they could grow and hunt as their primary food sources. Learn about ancient civilisations with National Geographic Kids’ free primary resources, ... Aztec civilization primary resource. As per these customs, special privileges were reserved for the nobility and emperors. Please don't open the "after analysis" page for each primary source until … Numerous Nahuatl words borrowed by the Spanish were later absorbed into … Ethnographic) and Secondary Sources 195 198 200 203 209 213 216 223 226 I I I J \ Pilgrim-Wampanoag Peace Treaty. The history of human sacrifice in Aztec culture. The largest Aztec market was located in Tenochtitlan's neighboring town, Tlatelolco. Always do reading in secondary sources before looking for primary sources. The Aztecs made Cuauhtémoc the next tlatoani. Location: Xochimilco, Mexico City. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985. Two of the primary architects of this alliance were the half-brothers Tlacaelel and Moctezuma, nephews of Itzcoatl. In the meantime, Cortés constructed 13 small ships to launch against the city during his next attack. period or Early Aztec period (AD 1150-1350) (Smith 1996, 32-33). The sun was very important to them and their farming. Tonatiuh (say Tona - tee - wah) In the centre of this Aztec calendar stone is an image of the Sun God His face is the face of the sun. Primary Written Sources II. The rulers were considered the descendants of gods and thus ruled by divine right. Aztec society was a very class conscious society and a rigid social hierarchy was put into place supported by laws and Aztec customs. Through Amazon.com. Primary Resources - free worksheets, lesson plans and teaching ideas for primary and elementary teachers. One of the best primary sources of information on Aztec culture, they served as calendars, ritual texts, almanacs, maps, and historical manuscripts of the Aztec people, spanning from before the Spanish conquest through the colonial era. Smallpox had been introduced to the Aztecs through the Spanish, and during those months the disease killed half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants, among them the emperor Cuitláhuac. Latin America Primary Sources. When Berdardino de Sahagún, a Franciscan friar who came to Mexico in 1529 as one of the first Spanish missionaries, learned the Aztec language, his superiors directed him to compile a record in Nahuatl of Aztec history and customs. Often times, information in secondary sources will lead you to a primary source. Aztec Food – Meat. Pupils will learn about how the Aztecs excelled at farming and agriculture, and what made them such good warriors in our National Geographic Kids’ Aztec primary resource sheet. The Spaniards hoped to use the information in his record to convert the Indians to Catholicism. Major Aztec Deities II. Learn about how the Aztecs excelled at farming and agriculture, and what made them such good warriors . 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